Climatic Laws: Ninety Generalizations with Numerous Corollaries as to the Geographic Distribution of Temperature, Wind, Moisture, Etc.; a Summary of Climate

Climatic Laws: Ninety Generalizations with Numerous Corollaries as to the Geographic Distribution of Temperature, Wind, Moisture, Etc.; a Summary of Climate

Climatic Laws: Ninety Generalizations with Numerous Corollaries as to the Geographic Distribution of Temperature, Wind, Moisture, Etc.; a Summary of Climate

Climatic Laws: Ninety Generalizations with Numerous Corollaries as to the Geographic Distribution of Temperature, Wind, Moisture, Etc.; a Summary of Climate

Excerpt

Concise of the ways in which certain aspects of climate differ from place to place are given in some texts and treatises dealing with meteorology and climatology. Similar brief statements of how nature acts have been helpful in advancing many other sciences. These "laws" as they have been termed, call attention to what is known, and often reveal the inadequacies of current knowledge. An attempt is here made to state, explain and illustrate what in lieu of a better short title, may be called "the laws of climate." Many of these are obviously not strictly analogous to some of the laws of the more exact sciences, but the term "law of nature" is not applied merely to precise quantitatively demonstrable laws. The aim of this treatise is to point out and explain those relations which correspond, in so far as the nature of the subject permits, to the laws of other sciences. Like those laws, these relations are subject to frequent modification, and seldom do they operate in a dominating way. However, neither do many laws of physics, for example, operate except under restricted conditions of temperature, pressure, purity of substance, etc.

Many of the laws here given have been expressed or implied in one or more of the treatises or texts consulted1 or in technical papers. Hann has formulated more than any other author but Davis and Waldo have each offered several climate generalizations, and many other writers one or two each. A number of the laws of this treatise seem not to have been concisely stated in print, however, and many have not been fully explained. In order to have fewer omissions and more accurate and clearer statements of these laws and their causes, criticisms were obtained from a number of persons. Grateful acknowledgment is here made to all who have so generously assisted in making this study more worth while.*

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