Natural Regions of the U.S.S.R

Natural Regions of the U.S.S.R

Natural Regions of the U.S.S.R

Natural Regions of the U.S.S.R

Excerpt

The area occupied by the U.S.S.R. is so vast and so diverse in its natural features that it would not be expedient to present a physical-geographical description of this entire territory without dividing it into natural regions. We shall distinguish first of all the lowlands and the mountains.

The description of the natural regions of the lowlands will be arranged according to landscape zones. These are regions which correspond to climatic belts, lying approximately in a latitudinal direction, and characterized by more or less uniform natural features throughout their extent.

Among the lowlands of the U.S.S.R. we distinguish, beginning at the north, the following landscape zones: (1) the tundra, (2) the temperate forest, (3) the forest steppe, (4) the steppe, (5) the semidesert, (6) the desert, and (7) the subtropical forest.

Among the mountain landscapes we distinguish: (1) the Caucasus, (2) the mountains of the Crimea, (3) the Urals, (4) the mountains of Soviet Central Asia, (5) the Altay Mountains, (6) the Sayan Mountains, (7) Lake Baikal and the Trans-Baikal region, (8) the mountains of northeastern Siberia, (9) the mountains of the Far East, (10) Sakhalin, (11) Kamchatka, and (12) the mountains of the Arctic. Within each mountain landscape we shall try, so far as possible, to distinguish vertical zones.

At the conclusion of this book there appears a bibliography of the most important literature concerning the Soviet Union or the greater part of it. For a more detailed literature, I refer the reader to the works enumerated in the books listed in this bibliography. In the text, reference is made only to the most important and most recent works. These are taken, moreover, chiefly from among those which are not cited in my other works.

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