The Lisbon Earthquake

The Lisbon Earthquake

The Lisbon Earthquake

The Lisbon Earthquake

Excerpt

This book, written in the bicentenary year of the Lisbon earthquake, is not, as its rather ambitious title may suggest, a full history of the event. In fact, it is concerned mainly with the related themes of eighteenth-century earthquake-theology and the end of optimism. "Musings in the Carmo" such a book would probably have been called in 1855, the centenary year, a name that would have better indicated its limited content. The making of my own small collection of earthquake-pamphlets and sermons started me writing this work, but I could not have completed it if it had not been for the abundant help of friends most generously given. In Portugal these are Dr. José d'Almada, Dr. Carlos Mascarenhas de Azevedo, Mr. Martin Blake, the British Council's Representative in Lisbon, Eng. Castelo Branco of the Servicos Geológicos, R. Academia das Ciências, Dr. Carlos Estorninho, librarian of the British Council, and Dr. M. Santos Estevens, Director of the Biblioteca. Nacional. Outside Portugal I have especially to thank Mr. Theodore Besterman, Director of the Institut Voltaire, Les Délices, Geneva, for valuable help with my Chapter Seven, which he was kind enough to read in typescript, and also Professor F. López Estrada of Seville University for help concerning . . .

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