New Trends in Employment Practices: An International Survey

New Trends in Employment Practices: An International Survey

New Trends in Employment Practices: An International Survey

New Trends in Employment Practices: An International Survey

Synopsis

"A terse, well-written, up-to-date, and refreshing account of recent developments in employment practices across a sample of seven industrialized nations, including the Soviet Union, by an established scholar of comparative systems. The trends discussed are industrial democracy at enterprise and establishment level, quality of working life, job tenure and security of employment, personnel policy, and working time arrangements. . . . The book provides a useful and accessible introduction to a number of important themes in the management and maintenance of human resources. . . . Highly recommended. . . ." Choice

Excerpt

The winds of change have been blowing through the labor markets of the industrialized nations. the velocity has varied from one country to another, but the direction is very much the same. International imitation may be part of the cause, but fundamental economic forces affecting all nations are largely responsible for the recent developments.

What are these forces? None is more important than the surge of women from the home to paid employment. Women's traditional role has given way to a labor market status that is rapidly approaching that of men. the reasons for this development are not entirely clear. On the one hand, opportunities may be widening in occupations that women find attractive. On the other hand, they may have been pushed into jobs to help their families take advantage of the increasing volume of available goods and services. Whatever the cause, there can be no doubt about the result: major changes in patterns of work designed to accommodate women.

A second factor is industrial restructuring. Manufacturing is no longer the dominant employer of labor. It has been surpassed--in some countries by wide margins--by industries that produce services rather than goods. a whole range of new skills has emerged, often under the impact of changing technology. the relative decline of blue-collar jobs has eroded the historical core of trade unionism. Programs have been mounted to preserve declining manufacturing industries in the belief that jobs, economic growth, and national security are at stake, but to little avail.

Less basic but nonetheless significant has been a shift in the objectives that motivate people to work. When the provision of daily bread was . . .

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