Moscow-Peking Axis: Strengths and Strains

Moscow-Peking Axis: Strengths and Strains

Moscow-Peking Axis: Strengths and Strains

Moscow-Peking Axis: Strengths and Strains

Excerpt

Today the Moscow-Peking axis represents a formidable and inscrutable force in world politics. Its combined power, which straddles two continents, is felt far beyond its own borders. Its impact, present and potential, upon relations among nations is bound to be far-reaching.

Are the Chinese Communists completely dominated by Moscow? Are they potential rivals to the Soviets? Is there friction? Or is there the probability of friction between them? Will the more numerous Chinese, under the leadership of Mao Tse-tung, take over leadership of the international Communist movement? Since it may be assumed that one of our foreign policy objectives should be to bring about, if we can, possible strains in the Sino-Soviet alliance, should we try to "push them together" or "Pull them apart," and, if so, "how?"

This dilemma is posed, for example, by the question of our embargo on trade with Communist China. Those who advocate the continuance of the embargo in order to aggravate the economic strains, and, consequently, the political strains within the Sino-Soviet alliance believe in "pushing them together." Those who believe in "pulling them apart" advocate the removal of trade controls and the lessening of political conflicts on the ground that they hurt our own allies more than the Communist Chinese, are rather insensitive instruments to accomplish the desired objective, and can hardly be expected to bring about a collapse of the Chinese Communist regime or appreciably to affect the economy of the Soviet bloc. They also believe that their removal may serve to lessen Communist China's dependence upon the U.S.S.R. and provide op-

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