War and Diplomacy in Eastern Asia

War and Diplomacy in Eastern Asia

War and Diplomacy in Eastern Asia

War and Diplomacy in Eastern Asia

Excerpt

This book is an analysis of the contemporary political situation in Eastern Asia. It emphasizes the diplomatic and economic struggles for gold and glory during the past century, and shows how the clash of irresistible forces and immovable obstacles gave rise to the confusion and chaos of the present scene.

While China strove to adapt its gigantic hulk to the swiftly- moving events of the modern world, Japan worked feverishly to guarantee forever the position of dominance which it had achieved in its own immediate geographic area. The two nations locked in combat: China was weak in terms of present strength, but strong in the promise of future greatness; Japan was mighty in the language of militarism, but uncertain with regard to continued grandeur. War seemed the only method by which Japan could retain political leadership in Eastern Asia, and destroy the Chinese challenge which loomed up beyond the horizon of the Yellow Sea.

The United Kingdom, the United States, France, Germany, and the Soviet Union--those nations which too are called great in the vocabulary of politics--were obliged to look to their imperial positions. They recoiled gradually before the counter-attacks of the Chinese against their unequal privileges. They endeavored to conciliate or "appease" Japan. Then, in desperation, they were forced to choose between headlong flight and actual war. They meant to preserve the strategic, territorial, and economic interests which they had accumulated through the years, and their major preoccupation was to discover and assert the adequate means.

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