During the opening years of the present century, Lord Bryce stated in a lecture at Oxford University his belief that one of the most pressing problems of the modern world was the relation between the advanced and backward races of mankind. According to Bryce, the close and widespread contact of the advanced and backward races was the completion of a world-process which marked a crisis in the history of the world. That Bryce was expressing the growing consciousness of the importance of the racial problem in the modern world was indicated by the fact that less than a decade after his address, The First Universal Races Congress met in London "to discuss, in the light of science and the modern conscience, the general relations subsisting between the peoples of the West and those of the East, between so-called white and so-called . . .
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