Linking Community and Corrections in Japan

Linking Community and Corrections in Japan

Linking Community and Corrections in Japan

Linking Community and Corrections in Japan


COMPLETING ELMER H. JOHNSON'S impressive three-volume examination of corrections in Japan, Linking Community and Corrections in Japan (written with the assistance of Carol H. Johnson) focuses on the Rehabilitation Bureau's responsibilities regarding probation, parole, and aftercare as well as the Correction Bureau's role in Japan's version of community-oriented corrections.

In Linking Community and Corrections in Japan, Johnson first outlines the tasks of the Rehabilitation Bureau, then turns to historic and contemporary views of community and corrections. In discussions of the probation and parole system for both adults and juveniles, he describes in detail the Japanese version of supervision and the return of prisoners to the community.

One strength of this study is Johnson's impartiality. As an investigator, he functions as a "friend of the court", an adviser who is free to conduct an objective pursuit of the fundamental strengths and shortcomings of the Japanese prison system. He also follows the Foucauldian dictum: "With the prisons there would be no sense of limiting oneself to discourses about prisons; just as important are the discourses which arise within the prison, the decisions and regulations which are among its constituent elements, its means of functioning, along with its strategies".

Johnson provides sixty tables, two charts, and nineteen black-and-white illustrations.


This is the third of the books reporting my research on the operations of Japanese correctional agencies. the first book, Japanese Corrections: Managing Convicted Offenders in an Orderly Society (1996), outlines features of the Correction Bureau and the Rehabilitation Bureau. I intended this to be my complete and final report, but, during the research and the preparation of the first book, I discovered unexpected aberrations from the general decline in Japan's imprisonment rate. the second book, Criminalization and Prisoners in Japan: Six Contrary Cohorts (1997), deals with six kinds of offenders who have entered Japanese prisons in increasing numbers: yakuza (members of crime syndicates), women drug offenders, adult traffic offenders, juvenile drug and traffic offenders arriving at training schools, foreigners, and elderly Japanese.

This third book turns the focus to the Rehabilitation Bureau and its responsibilities in probation, parole, and aftercare, but the Correction Bureau also has functions in Japan's particular version of community-oriented corrections. When I arrived in Tokyo in 1988 to begin my field research, Keiji Kurita, then director general of the Rehabilitation Bureau, invited me to expand the scope of my investigation to include the merits and shortcomings of the Rehabilitation Bureau. For this book, I have endeavored to search out the fundamental facts and have sent chapter drafts to Japan so that the facts as presented could be checked for accuracy. However, the interpretations of the facts and their theoretical contexts are exclusively mine. the conclusions and interpretations do not necessarily mirror the points of view of the Ministry of Justice, the Rehabilitation Bureau, and the Correction Bureau.

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed


An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.