Psychology, Its Facts and Principles

Psychology, Its Facts and Principles

Psychology, Its Facts and Principles

Psychology, Its Facts and Principles

Excerpt

This volume presents a systematic, descriptive account of mental phenomena and of psychological processes. The phenomena are subjective events; the processes are redintegrative sequences in nature. It is not easy to characterize the view here presented in terms of contemporary "isms." The book aspires to a straightforward description of certain aspects of nature, rather than to the defense of a prejudice. Although descriptive, the view is not that of "structuralism." It does not deal with a reputed dependent realm of "mental contents" or "conscious elements." Its psychology is dynamic, in that it deals with activities, processes, occurrences, rather than with static cross sections of mental life.

But neither is it "mere behaviorism," since it refuses to limit itself to the account of visible changes (movements). It shuns the visual bias of behaviorism; it insists that aches and pains receive the consideration to which their occurrence entitles them. Algesic patterns (pains), as well as visual patterns (animals), "behave." In contrast with behaviorism, the book offers a social report, based on all the evidence of all the available reporters; at least it advocates such a report. It is neither intimidated nor discouraged by the descriptive difficulties of any event in nature.

The point of view is not that of "associationism." Although there may be superficial resemblances, the contrast is striking. Mental activities, as here described, do involve association. But two important divergences from classical associationism are apparent throughout. It is not "mere ideas" that are connected, but primal events in nature. Some of these are ideas, but not the images nor psychic entities of historic tradition. Ideas are natural events, partial details of larger contexts, for which they function as equivalents in the course of . . .

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.