Johann Michael Haydn (1737-1806), a Chronological Thematic Catalogue of His Works

Johann Michael Haydn (1737-1806), a Chronological Thematic Catalogue of His Works

Johann Michael Haydn (1737-1806), a Chronological Thematic Catalogue of His Works

Johann Michael Haydn (1737-1806), a Chronological Thematic Catalogue of His Works

Excerpt

Michael Haydn ( 1737-1806), like his brother Joseph before him, was recuited as a boy to join the famous choir school at St. Stephen's in Vienna. In return for his services there, he not only received rudimentary instruction in the theory and practice of music, but also--and, perhaps more importantly--he had the opportunity daily to hear and to perform music by leading composers of the mid-eighteenth century as well as that by the illustrious masters who had served over the years at the cathedral and in the imperial court chapel. When the time came for Haydn to leave St. Stephen's (sometime around 1757), he was widely admired for his abilities as a singer, violinist, and keyboard player; he was beginning to win recognition also as a composer of unusual promise, enjoying, even at that early age, the patronage of several princely houses in addition to the favor of a network of monastic communities located throughout the Austrian crown lands.

In 1760, Haydn abandoned his status as a journeyman to become Kapellmeister to Count Adam Patáchich, who, in 1759, had been appointed Bishop of Großwardein, in southern Hungary (today, Oradea, in northwestern Rumania).1 According to his early biographers, Haydn's salary there was so meager that he had to rely on supplemental earnings from his compositions in order to provide himself with many of life's necessities.2 For that reason, perhaps, he left Großwardein sometime in April of 1762. After a period of wandering, for which little documentation now survives, he appeared in Salzburg, where, on August 14, 1763, he was taken into service in a dual post as concertmaster and court composer to the archiepiscopal establishment. He remained in Salzburg until his death some forty-three years later.

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.