Jesus, the Messiah: The Synoptic Tradition of the Revelation of God in Christ: with Special Reference to Form-Criticism

Jesus, the Messiah: The Synoptic Tradition of the Revelation of God in Christ: with Special Reference to Form-Criticism

Jesus, the Messiah: The Synoptic Tradition of the Revelation of God in Christ: with Special Reference to Form-Criticism

Jesus, the Messiah: The Synoptic Tradition of the Revelation of God in Christ: with Special Reference to Form-Criticism

Excerpt

The present work incorporates a course of public lectures undertaken by the writer at the invitation of the Cunningham Lectureship Trustees and delivered in New College, Edinburgh, at the close of 1940. Advantage has been taken of the interval since then to revise and complete the substance of the book, to give the argument a closer relation to some of the broad questions of New Testament theology as a whole, and to add a number of appendices, including an inquiry into the Iranian Redemption Myth hypothesis, so far as the latter may be thought to have a bearing on late Jewish and early Christian religious ideas.

It is not the primary intention of the book to handle afresh the problem of the Messianic consciousness of Jesus, but rather to show how, on the basis of the confession of Jesus as Messiah, the early Church built up the structure of its distinctive witness to the Christian revelation of God. In working out this purpose, however, I have been obliged by the nature of the material to cross the borders of the other problem, and to formulate at least the outlines of an approach to its solution. I have assumed on what seems adequate grounds, that the tradition of the Church from the beginning embodied a substantial core of authentic historical reminiscence of the word and work of its Founder, and the plan which I have followed has been to segregate and, as far as possible, to consider by themselves the various strata or levels of tradition embodied in the Synoptic material -- e.g. the "signs" of Jesus, his religious and ethical teaching, his utterances regard-

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