Foreign Diplomacy in China, 1894-1900: A Study in Political and Economic Relations with China

Foreign Diplomacy in China, 1894-1900: A Study in Political and Economic Relations with China

Foreign Diplomacy in China, 1894-1900: A Study in Political and Economic Relations with China

Foreign Diplomacy in China, 1894-1900: A Study in Political and Economic Relations with China

Excerpt

One of the most interesting developments of the last decade has been the recognition that Governments are responsible for the livelihood of their citizens. The employment or unemployment of large numbers of men and women is now regarded as a national question of primary concern, and any governmental policy which may adversely affect the community in its living is therefore being subjected to close scrutiny and criticism. Foreign policies especially have become the subject of public inquiry as the realization has spread of the intimate connection between employment at home and the existence of peaceful conditions abroad upon which are dependent the regular supply of raw materials for industry and access to foreign markets for the manufactured products. This personal interest in the foreign policies of Governments has attracted attention to the affairs of foreign lands, and has created the desire to understand the policies adopted towards these countries so as to be able to compel one's Government to pursue sane policies and to restrain it from doing anything which may be injurious to the livelihood of the community.

The following pages have been written in the hope that they may be of some assistance to a public anxious to appreciate the real issues in the Far Eastern political sphere and to understand what are the national interests there. The existing literature is hardly adequate for the purpose. Most of it is of a narrow propagandist nature. The rest is generally of an atomic character. It is written by people who have only dealt with some of the factors governing the situation; or it is the product of writers who are apparently insufficiently acquainted with the origins of the question to be able to comprehend the real issues or the significance of the events which they describe.

It was originally intended to write a book that would deal with the Chinese question from the beginning of the century until the recent disturbances. But a survey of the material for those years soon showed the advisability of postponing this for consideration in a later volume which will appear as a sequel to this one. It was evident that the events which occurred after the year 1900 . . .

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