How Collective Bargaining Works: A Survey of Experience in Leading American Industries

How Collective Bargaining Works: A Survey of Experience in Leading American Industries

How Collective Bargaining Works: A Survey of Experience in Leading American Industries

How Collective Bargaining Works: A Survey of Experience in Leading American Industries

Excerpt

This volume contains full-length sketches of the actual workings of collective bargaining in sixteen United States trades and industries and thumbnail summaries covering thirteen other fields. Each of the broader pictures covers both the growth of organized dealings between employers and labor unions in the industry, and the situation at the time of writing. Although most of the field work was done in 1939, almost all the chapters include developments in 1940 and about half of them cover events in 1941. A survey of the women's clothing industry by Patrick M. Malin was to have been included but, owing to unavoidable delays, this chapter was not completed in time for publication.

Since this report was written the United States has been catapulted into the most gigantic war of all history. Collective bargaining is likely to change its form and procedure under the pressure of war, but the experience of the last war, at least, indicates that the basic problems of industrial relations remain after the end of hostilities. It also showed that during the conflict sound labor policies are essential elements of victory. In wartime both the area of collective bargaining and its importance are increased. All this makes a clear understanding of collective bargaining even more urgent now than in times of peace.

As it has happened, six of the industries here covered in detail are now in the war essentials class--steel, electrical products, bituminous coal, railroads, automobiles, rubber. These, together with the other ten, were originally picked out to show collective bargaining in all the various stages of youth and maturity. In railroads, for example, collective bargaining has long passed the unpredictable and stormy years of youth and adolescence; while in . . .

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