A Report on National Planning and Public Works in Relation to Natural Resources and Including Land Use and Water Resources with Findings and Recommendations: December 1, 1934. Submitted to the President in Accordance with Executive Order No. 6777, June 30, 1934

A Report on National Planning and Public Works in Relation to Natural Resources and Including Land Use and Water Resources with Findings and Recommendations: December 1, 1934. Submitted to the President in Accordance with Executive Order No. 6777, June 30, 1934

A Report on National Planning and Public Works in Relation to Natural Resources and Including Land Use and Water Resources with Findings and Recommendations: December 1, 1934. Submitted to the President in Accordance with Executive Order No. 6777, June 30, 1934

A Report on National Planning and Public Works in Relation to Natural Resources and Including Land Use and Water Resources with Findings and Recommendations: December 1, 1934. Submitted to the President in Accordance with Executive Order No. 6777, June 30, 1934

Excerpt

As I have reflected on the substance of this report, I am more than ever impressed with the extraordinary difficulty of viewing the problems of national resources and foreign aid in proper perspective.

Our exports are a relatively small proportion of the total output of our economy and one might be tempted to dismiss lightly their effect on our resources. On the other hand, scarce supply and high prices are part of our everyday experience. And the need for the conservation of our raw material resources is greater than ever before. Demands arising from a foreign-aid program, even though they did not increase current levels of exports, would aggravate in some measure the strains on our economy, which is currently operating at highest peacetime levels and, in many instances, is exceeding wartime peaks.

It is self-evident that even a country as wealthy in resources as the United States cannot long underwrite the material deficits of other nations without serious impacts upon its economy and its resources. But we know from our war experience that the limits of what our economy can do are exceedingly elastic, that it has great flexibility and strength, and that resources are not fixed and immutable but are subject to constant changes in technology and in production and consumption patterns. We know that what we as a nation can do depends in great measure upon what we set out to do.

A program of foreign aid must, therefore, be weighed not only in terms of the ease or difficulty with which the physical and economic and fiscal impacts may be borne, but also of how important the purposes for which we undertake to bear them. Costs can be measured realistically only in terms of results.

Every American wants peace and security, an opportunity to bring up and educate his family, and the right to make a decent living in a manner of his own choosing. There can be no lasting hope for these ideals here at home unless people throughout the world are encouraged to work diligently and effectively to achieve uninterrupted . . .

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