McIntosh and Weatherford, Creek Indian Leaders

McIntosh and Weatherford, Creek Indian Leaders

McIntosh and Weatherford, Creek Indian Leaders

McIntosh and Weatherford, Creek Indian Leaders

Synopsis

Born of Creek mothers and Scottish fathers, these two fascinating men fought on opposing sides during the Creek War of 1813-14. William McIntosh (White Warrior) sided with Andrew Jackson and the Lower Creeks, and William Weatherford (Red Eagle) joined the Red Sticks. Benjamin W. Griffith, Jr., illuminates the remarkable story behind the legends and folk tales surrounding these Creek leaders.

Excerpt

As it embarks upon a new life in paper covers, this biography of two Creek Indian leaders with Scottish fathers again impresses me that what may begin as local or regional lore can evolve and merge with the broader sweep of history. McIntosh and Weatherford flourished in a significant, but relatively little-known, period of frontier history, ranging from the American Revolution through the Creek War of 1813-14, the Seminole Wars, and the political machinations leading to the final cessions of Indian land in Georgia and Alabama.

The focus of the book, of course, is on these two extraordinary men, whose combination of genes gave them entry to both the white and Indian cultures. They lived, as the Creeks said, between two fires and were sometimes burned on both sides when caught in the political and racial conflicts that intermittently roiled the frontier. Weatherford, the reluctant strategist who planned the attack on Fort Mims, was much respected in later years by his white neighbors. In 1818 General McIntosh was honored at a public dinner in Augusta for his military exploits. At that time he was certainly the most widely known of all Creeks and a shining example for all those who would Americanize the Indians. A newspaper account read: "We have seen him in the bosom of the forest, surrounded by a band of wild and ungovernable savages--we have seen him too, in the drawing room in the civilized walks of life, receiving the . . .

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