Aristotle's Syllogistic from the Standpoint of Modern Formal Logic

Aristotle's Syllogistic from the Standpoint of Modern Formal Logic

Aristotle's Syllogistic from the Standpoint of Modern Formal Logic

Aristotle's Syllogistic from the Standpoint of Modern Formal Logic

Excerpt

In June 1939 I read a paper at the Polish Academy of Sciences in Cracow on Aristotle's syllogistic. A summary of this paper was printed in the same year, but could not be published because of the war. It appeared after the war, but was dated '1939'. During the summer of 1939 I prepared, in Polish, a more detailed monograph on the same subject, and I had already received the proofs of its first part when in September the printer's office was completely destroyed by bombing and everything was lost. At the same time my whole library together with my manuscripts was bombed and burnt. It was impossible to continue the work during the war.

Not till ten years later did I get a fresh opportunity to take up my investigations into Aristotle's syllogistic, this time in Dublin, where since 1946 I have been lecturing on mathematical logic at the Royal Irish Academy. At the invitation of University College, Dublin, I gave ten lectures on Aristotle's syllogistic in 1949, and the present work is the result of those lectures.

This work is confined to the non-modal or 'assertoric' syllogisms, since the theory of these is the most important part of the Aristotelian logic. A systematic exposition of this theory is contained in chapters 1, 2, and 4-7 of Book I of the Prior Analytics. These chapters inTh. Waitz edition -- now more than a century old -- are the main source of my exposition. I regret that I could not use the new text of the Prior Analytics edited with an introduction and a commentary by SirDavid Ross and published in 1949, since the historical part of my work was already finished when this edition appeared. I could only correct my quotations from Aristotle by the text of SirDavid Ross . In the English version of the Greek texts of the Analytics I adhered as far as possible to the Oxford translation of Aristotle's works. Besides the text of the Prior Analytics I took into consideration the ancient commentators, especially Alexander. I may mention here that I owe to an anonymous ancient. commentator the solution of historical problems connected . . .

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