The History of Human Marriage - Vol. 2

The History of Human Marriage - Vol. 2

The History of Human Marriage - Vol. 2

The History of Human Marriage - Vol. 2

Excerpt

CONTENTS

CHAPTER XVII SEXUAL SELECTION IN MAN

Female appreciation of manly strength and courage, pp. 1-4.--The sexual instinct stimulated by personal beauty both in men and women, savage as well as civilised, p. 4sq.--The notions of what constitutes personal beauty vary, p. 5.--Three groups of qualities regarded as essential for personal beauty, apart from merely individual preferences, pp. 5-13.--The full and proper development of the visible characteristics belonging to the human organism in general, p. 5.--Of those peculiar to the sex, pp. 5-8.--Of those peculiar to the race, pp. 8-13.--The connection between love and beauty due to natural selection, pp. 13-23.--The biological importance of the qualities constituting the racial type of beauty, pp. 14-22.--The bodily changes involved in acclimatisation, pp. 16-18.--The connection between racial differences and external influences, pp. 19-22.-- Rejection of Darwin's explanation of the connection between love and beauty, p. 22sq.--Mental qualities as sexual stimulants, p. 23.-- The connection between the sexual impulse and affection in the human race, p. 23sq.--Conjugal affection and the influence of affection upon sexual selection, pp. 24-31.--Sexual selection influenced by the desire for offspring, p. 31sq.--By economic considerations, pp. 32-34.

CHAPTER XVIII ENDOGAMY

Endogamous and exogamous rules, p. 35.--The aversion of animals to sexual connections with individuals of other species than their own, pp. 35-37.--The "Law of Similarity," p. 37sq.--Intermixture of human races, p. 38sq.--Racial endogamy and its causes pp. 39-43.-- The influence of the crossing of races upon fertility and vitality, pp. 43-47.--Rules against marrying outside the tribe of some smaller division of it, as the clan or village, pp. 47-55.--Religions endogamy, pp. 55-59.--Caste endogamy and hypergamy, p. 59sq.--Class endogamy, pp. 60-68.--Class endogamy parallel to the hypergamy of the Hindus, p. 64sq.--The origin of castes and classes, pp. 65-67.-- Endogamous rules referring to the marriage of cousins, pp. 68-9.-- To marriage between brothers' children, pp. 69-71.--To marriage between cross-cousins, pp. 71-79.--To marriage between relatives more closely related than cousins, p. 79-81.

CHAPTER XIX EXOGAMY

The exogamous group, p. 82.--Marriages between parents and children, pp. 82-88.--Between brothers and sisters who are children of the same father and mother, pp. 88-95.--Between half-brothers and half- sisters, pp. 95-97.--Between uncles and nieces and between aunts and nephews, pp. 97-99.--Between cousins, pp. 99-101.--Exogamous rules referring to all the members of the clan or phratry or "class" and other exogamous rules among peoples unaffected by modern civilisation, pp. 101-149.--In America, pp. 102-113.--In Asia, pp. 113-120.--In the Indian Archipelago and the islands of the Pacific Ocean, pp. 120-131.--In Australia and Tasmania, pp. 131-136.-- In Africa, pp. 136-149.--Prohibited degrees in ancient Rome, p. 149.-- According to the Christian Churches, pp. 149-151.--Clan exogamy in South-Eastern Europe, p. 151.--Prohibitions applying to marriage between relatives by alliance or affinity, pp. 151-154.--Exogamous prohibitions resulting from adoption or fosterage, pp. 154-156.-- From "spiritual relationship," p. 156.--From certain other relations, p. 156sq.--Local exogamy, pp. 157-161.

CHAPTER XX EXOGAMY (Concluded)

Early hypotheses as regards the origin of the prohibitions of marriage between near relatives, p. 162.--Criticism of McLennan's hypothesis as to the origin of exogamy, pp. 162-166.--Of Herbert Spencer's, pp. 166-168.--Of Lord Avebury's, p. 168sq.--Of L. H. Morgan's, pp. 170-179.--Evil results ascribed by various peoples to close inter- marriage or incestuous intercourse, pp. 170-178.--Criticism of Sir James G. Frazer's suggestions as to the origin of exogamy, pp. 179-183. --The Australian class restrictions, pp. 179-181.--Criticism of Professor Durkheim's theory, pp. 183-185.--Of M. Reinach's, p. 185sq. --Of Mr. Andrew Lang's, pp. 186-188.--Of Messrs. Hose's and McDougall's, pp. 188-190.--Of Professor Starcke's, p. 190sq.-- Objections which may be raised to all of these theories, p. 191sq.-- The fundamental cause of the exogamous prohibitions seems to be the remarkable absence of erotic feelings between persons living very closely together from childhood, leading to a positive feeling of aversion when the act is thought of, pp. 192-218.--The existence of such a feeling in mankind, pp. 193-195.--Among the lower animals, pp. 195- 197.--Reply to objections raised to the author's theory, pp. 197-207.-- Objections raised by Dr. Havelock Ellis, p. 197.--Marriage with a half-sister, p. 199sq.--Cases of incest and close intermarriage and how to explain them, pp. 200-203.--Objections to the author's theory raised by Sir James G. Frazer, p. 203sq.--The connection between the aversion to sexual intercourse between persons living closely together from childhood and the prohibitions against unions between kindred, pp. 204-207.--Facts showing that the extent to which . . .

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