Measuring Group Cohesiveness

Measuring Group Cohesiveness

Measuring Group Cohesiveness

Measuring Group Cohesiveness

Excerpt

The studies described here formed part of a program in methodological research at the Research Center for Group Dynamics, University of Michigan, and were supported by a grant from the Rockefeller Foundation. They were aimed at the development and refinement of central concepts in group dynamics theory, measuring instruments for investigating group-related phenomena, and methods used to manipulate group-related variables in the laboratory. Because of its major role in contemporary social psychological theory and research, attraction-to-group was chosen as one of the central concepts for investigation. The following report includes a discussion of the concept of attraction-to-group, methods for its experimental manipulation, and methods for its measurement. Major emphasis has been placed on the development and investigation of two measures of attraction-to-group: a projective technique and a behavioral measure involving locomotion.

I am grateful to many people who have helped me with these studies. Dr. Leon Festinger, Dr. Alvin Zander, and Dr. Dorwin Cartwright gave advice and criticism which furthered my progress immeasurably. My work also benefited from the counsel of Dr. Jack Atkinson, Dr. Arthur Cohen, Dr. Harold Gerard, Dr. Bernard Hymovitch, Dr. Albert Pepitone, Dr. Emmy Pepitone, Mr. Ezra Stotland, Mr. James Terrell, and Dr. Jeanne Watson.

Mr. Robert Wolff and Miss Julaine Ames played a major part in the statistical analysis. Mr. Robert Norman and Mr. Julian Morrissette aided me in the laboratory. Miss Elise Harney, Miss Constance Carter, Mrs. Louise Weatherford, Miss Johanna Kranold, Mrs. Jane Corfield, Miss Ruth Matthews, and Mrs. Eva Fillian rendered secretarial services.

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