Jordan, a State of Tension

Jordan, a State of Tension

Jordan, a State of Tension

Jordan, a State of Tension

Excerpt

The political developments which took place in the Middle East during World War I and in the post-war period were of decisive importance in the history of the region; the events that followed World War II, with all their speed and magnitude, were, in fact, the logical consequences of the revolutionary changes of the earlier period. Three elements contributed to the modern historical pattern of the Middle East--general internal growth, inter-Arab relations, and Great Power interests. To these should, of course, be added the impact of the personalities and dynasties which, together with the other elements, were often working at cross-purposes. Friction and even open clashes resulted.

An interesting and instructive study of these forces operating on basic geographic factors is afforded by Transjordan. Its emergence as a separate political entity, as a product of the exigencies following the defeat of the Turks at the hands of the Allies, the subsequent unfolding of internal regional forces as they crossed and recrossed international interests, the role of Abdullah both as regards his personal and dynastic ambitions and his national Arab aspirations, and inter-Arab ambitions as they bore on the territory, all make Transjordan an excellent subject of investigation.

The story of the last fifty years of the Middle East, as it is reflected in the history of Transjordan, is presented in the following pages. For a sounder comprehension of the modern period, the historical background of the preceding four thousand years has been briefly outlined. The major emphasis in the modern period is on the political development. The sociological and economic aspects are not, of course, of secondary importance, but excellent studies on these aspects have recently been made by the International Bank, George L. Harris and Raphael Patai, all listed in the bibliography.

The author gratefully acknowledges his debt to the many authorities and experts on whose works he drew generously in . . .

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