The World-Conception of the Chinese: Their Astronomical, Cosmological and Physico-Philosophical Speculations

The World-Conception of the Chinese: Their Astronomical, Cosmological and Physico-Philosophical Speculations

The World-Conception of the Chinese: Their Astronomical, Cosmological and Physico-Philosophical Speculations

The World-Conception of the Chinese: Their Astronomical, Cosmological and Physico-Philosophical Speculations

Excerpt

A great deal has been written on the principal philosophical systems of the Chinese, Confucianism and Taoism, much less on the independent thinkers not falling under either of these two heads and on the Neo-Confucianism of the Sung time. From these writings we get a fairly good idea of Chinese Ethics and Metaphysics, we learn what the Chinese think of human life, man's moral obligations, and the transcendental powers supposed to rule the world, but obtain very little information as to the Chinese conception of this world and the phenomena of nature. We might imagine that, as Chinese philosophy has produced neither a logic nor a psychology, it did not concern itself with speculations on the universe either. Such a conclusion would be erroneous, for since the dawn of their civilisation the Chinese have philosophised on the world around them. In the following we propose giving a systematical digest of the ancient astronomical and cosmological concepts of the Chinese and their attempts at natural science. A history of civilisation and of the . . .

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