In 1947 when the World Peace Foundation was preparing the eighth volume of its series Documents on American Foreign Relations, it became apparent to the editors that it would be virtually impossible to include within the confines of one set of covers the documentation then available on the making of the first peace treaties with the defeated Axis powers and still find space for the regular material on general American foreign policy. At that time, therefore, a decision was made to issue a separate volume as a "supplement" in which the factual story of the negotiations of the treaties would be set forth together with the official treaty texts themselves.
The present much-delayed volume is the result of this decision. In its initial stages, many members of the staff of the World Peace Foundation had varying responsibilities for its preparation, working on sections as their other responsibilities for more immediate tasks permitted. Miss Margaret L. Bates prepared the first draft of Chapter I dealing with background and procedural problems; Mr. Robert K. Turner did a yeoman's job of preparing a comprehensible summary of the negotiations on the Balkan treaties; and Mrs. Patricia S. Alexander worked on the Finnish treaty. In the meantime, however, more and more material on the negotiations became available and the postponement of the publication of this volume increased the difficulties of its preparation. In May of 1953 Miss Amelia C. Leiss was assigned the job of writing the factual summary of the negotiations for the Italian peace treaty and of reworking the earlier drafts into final form. The book is, in its present form, therefore, primarily the work of Miss Leiss who has carried by far the heaviest burden in its preparation.
This volume is intended to be a helpful and useful reference concerning the actual negotiations which took place among and between the victorious allies after World War II and which resulted in the treaties of peace with Italy, Rumania, Hungary, Bulgaria andFinland. The texts of the separate treaties are preceded by extensive factual summaries of the negotiations which, under appropriate subject headings, state as accurately as possible from available material the successive steps in the formulation of the particular articles in the individual treaties. It is not the function of this volume to express judgments as to the results of the negotiations, nor to speculate as to why various compromises emerged or various proposals were enunciated. It is, however, our hope that a straight-forward and comprehensive account of what happened may provide assistance for those who may wish to interpret why it happened. Although we had originally hoped that it might be possible to include material bearing on the implementation of the treaties, the problem of size of the volume intervened and the book ends with the drafting of the final approved texts of the five documents.