Environment and Policies in West Africa

Environment and Policies in West Africa

Environment and Policies in West Africa

Environment and Policies in West Africa

Excerpt

West Africa is one of the most vigorously developing areas of the world, and certainly of Africa. Politically, it was transformed from almost complete colonialism in early 1957 to all but entire freedom by early 1961. Economically, it is a major world producer and seller of cocoa (two-thirds of world production), palm kernels (three-quarters), palm oil (one-third), peanuts and derivatives (onethird), diamonds (one-third by weight), and manganese (one-fifth). Large hydroelectric power projects may transform Ghana, Nigeria, and Guinea, and the Volta River Project should make Ghana into a leading producer of aluminum.

West Africa is very much on the world map, as well as having recently remade its own map. This study outlines the relations of the area and its diverse countries in the setting of their physical and economic environments.

After defining West Africa and outlining its importance, the first chapter describes the evolution of the map from the earliest times to the present day from a geographical viewpoint. The countries are collectively and individually surveyed in Chapter 2, with particular reference to their historical backgrounds, geographical characteristics, economy, political situation, and policies. More space has been given to the lesser known countries.

Old colonial groupings and allegiances have been broken and there are now 13 independent states, several with small areas or low populations, all with poor standards of living. Present political loyalties, one-party rule, Negritude, the African personality, and Pan-Africanism are discussed in Chapter 3, as well as the Ghana- Guinea-Mall Union (Union of African States) and the Benin-Sahel Entente.

Survival and progress, however, depend upon improving agri-

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.