Report of the Commission on Extraterritoriality in China, Peking, September 16, 1926

Report of the Commission on Extraterritoriality in China, Peking, September 16, 1926

Report of the Commission on Extraterritoriality in China, Peking, September 16, 1926

Report of the Commission on Extraterritoriality in China, Peking, September 16, 1926

Excerpt

The representatives of the powers participating in the Commission on Extraterritoriality in China, to wit: The United States of America, Belgium, the British Empire, China, France, Denmark, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, and Sweden, met in Peking in pursuance to Resolution V and the additional resolutions adopted at the Conference on the Limitation of Armaments, December 10, 1921, as follows:

The representatives of the powers hereinafter named, participating in the discussion of Pacific and Far Eastern questions in the Conference on the Limitation of Armament, to wit, the United States of America, Belgium, the British Empire, France, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands and Portugal:

Having taken note of the fact that in the treaty between Great Britain and China dated September 5, 1902, in the treaty between the United States of America and China dated October 8, 1903, and in the treaty between Japan and China dated October 8, 1903, these several powers have agreed to give every assistance towards the attainment by the Chinese Government of its expressed desire to reform its judicial system and to bring it into accord with that of western nations, and have declared that they are also "prepared to relinquish extraterritorial rights when satisfied that the state of the Chinese laws, the arrangements for their administration and other considerations warrant" them in so doing;

Being sympathetically disposed towards furthering in this regard the aspiration to which the Chinese delegation gave expression on November 16, 1921, to the effect that " immediately, or as soon as circumstances will permit, existing limitations upon China's political, jurisdictional and administrative freedom of action are to be removed";

Considering that any determination in regard to such action as might be appropriate to this end must depend upon the aseertainment and appreciation of the complicated states of fact in regard to the laws and the Judicial system and the methods of judicial administration of China, which this conference is not in a position to determine;

Have resolved;

That the governments of the powers above named shall establish a commission (to which each of such governments shall appoint one member) to inquire into the present practice of extraterritorial jurisdiction in China, and into the laws and the judicial system and the methods of judicial administration of China, with a view to reporting to the governments of the several powers above named their findings of fact in regard to these matters, and their recommendations as to such means as they may find suitable to improve existing conditions of the administration of justice in China, and to assist and further the efforts of the Chinese Government to effect such legislation and judicial reforms as would warrant the several powers in relinquishing, either progressively or otherwise, their respective rights of extraterritoriality . . .

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