The Emergence of Modern Turkey

The Emergence of Modern Turkey

The Emergence of Modern Turkey

The Emergence of Modern Turkey

Excerpt

The theme of this book is the emergence of a new Turkey from the decay of the old. After an introductory examination of the sources and nature of Turkish civilization, the book falls into two parts. In the first the main events and processes are set forth in chronological sequence, not as a simple narrative history of Turkey, but rather as an attempt to trace and define the principal phases of change. The term of the study has been set in 1950, when the party of Atatürk was ousted from power in a free election which it had itself organized, and the country entered on a new phase in its history. In the second part of the book four aspects of change are examined in greater detail -- the transformation of the corporate sense of identity and loyalty among the Turks, the transformation of the theory and practice of government, of religion and the cultural life which it dominated, and of the economic and social order. In a final chapter an attempt is made to draw some general conclusions on the nature of the Turkish Revolution and the measure of its accomplishment.

A separate note contains my thanks and acknowledgements to those who, in one way or another, have helped in the preparation of this book. Here I would like to express my gratitude to two scholars, neither of whom has been directly concerned with this book, yet both of whom have contributed largely to whatever merits it may possess. The first is my friend and colleague, Professor P. Wittek, whose conversation, over a period of many years, has enriched my understanding of Turkish history and civilization more deeply than any formal expression of thanks for help and guidance could indicate. The second is the late and deeply lamented Dr. A. Adnan Adivar, to whose influence and teaching I owe my first acquaintance with Turkey and the Turks, my first knowledge of their language and literature, and an abiding concern that has shaped my life ever since.

B. L.

London, January 1960 . . .

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