The Hitler Trial before the People's Court in Munich - Vol. 1

The Hitler Trial before the People's Court in Munich - Vol. 1

The Hitler Trial before the People's Court in Munich - Vol. 1

The Hitler Trial before the People's Court in Munich - Vol. 1

Excerpt

The pressures which led to the Beer Hall Putsch and the Hitler Trial began to develop during the Revolution in Bavaria in 1918-1919 and grew steadily in the succeeding years. Finally, they were brought to a boil by the events and frustrations of the bitter year 1923. Therefore to understand what happened in the Putsch and what happened at the Trial it is necessary to go back to root causes. Taken out of context, it is very hard to understand why the players acted as they did. In context, the entire drama becomes plausible and the players real men rather than chessmen.

On 7 November 1918 Kurt Eisner, one of the circle of foreign -- that is, non-Bavarian -- artists and writers which made the Schwabing Ward of the City of Munich a glittering, dissident, turbulent, disenchanted and disunited island in the Bavarian sea of the city, began the Revolution in defiance of the leaders of the Majority Social Democratic Party (SPD) as well as of the royal authorities. He and his following, made up largely of rebellious soldiers laced with workers and radical peasants, made themselves masters of Munich in the absence of any attempt to defend the old order. By dawn of 9 November the Revolution had triumphed in the Bavarian capital.

Like most revolutions, the Bavarian Revolution was really a number of revolutions rolled into one. First, it was the revolution of the intellectuals of the radical Left against the old regime and the trade union leaders and the moderate Socialists. It was also the revolution of the peasants, who were frightened, bewildered and resentful of a war which dragged on and on without apparent rhyme or reason and was clearly lost despite all of the promises of their national and Bavarian leaders. They had seen their sons lost or maimed, their freedom and prosperity reduced by wartime . . .

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