The French Revolution: A Political History 1789-1804 - Vol. 3

The French Revolution: A Political History 1789-1804 - Vol. 3

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The French Revolution: A Political History 1789-1804 - Vol. 3

The French Revolution: A Political History 1789-1804 - Vol. 3

Read FREE!

Excerpt

I. Organisation of the Girondist party. -- II. Its political programme. -- III. Its leaders. -- IV. Organisation and programme of the Montagnard party. -- V. Its leaders. -- VI. The conflict of the two parties. -- VII. The fall of Danton.

DURING the first period of the history of the Democratic Republic -- namely, until the defeat of Federalism -- the National Convention was seen to be divided into two parties, the Gironde and the Mountain; the former more numerous and more influential than the latter, and drawing in its train, as a general thing, an indefinite mass of deputies known as the Plain , the Stomach , or the Marsh. The leaders of the Gironde were expelled from the Convention by the popular insurrection of June 2, 1793. Some were imprisoned in Paris. Others repaired to the provinces, and provoked a movement which culminated in civil war against the Convention, which they declared was reduced to a state of slavery; this movement being known as Federalism. The Mountain eventually triumphed, with its principal leader, Robespierre. But before its triumph another of its leaders, Danton, exercised an influence which was often preponderant in the trend of public affairs; either as Minister of Justice, as a simple deputy, or finally as a member of the Committee . . .

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