For more than a decade, Africa has been the focus of world attention as Africans achieved independence. Ghana and Nigeria in West Africa, the former Belgian Congo in Central Africa, Tanganyika in East Africa -- one after another these and other former colonies have occupied the center of the stage. The remaining countries and territories not now governed by Africans are concentrated in the last of the regions of the great continent to be affected by the rising tide of political change: the south.
It is not easy to obtain background material on Africa. Gathering information on the racial, social, historical, economic, and political conditions of a continent may involve a laborious search through a variety of works. Many an interested reader following the news from Africa will not have the time and opportunity to do all this reading. The purpose of this book is to provide such basic information on Southern Africa in concise and accessible form. History, population, politics, leaders, and social conditions are discussed, and an effort is made to convey the local atmosphere through descriptions of towns and countryside.
My views are based upon about ten years' residence andstudy in various parts of the subcontinent. Many of the facts and tendencies described here were observed first-