Logical Essays

Logical Essays

Logical Essays

Logical Essays

Excerpt

Josiah Royce was born at Grass Valley, California, November twentieth, 1855. Since the centennial year of his birth is approaching it is hoped that the publication of this collection of his logical essays may promote a revival of interest in the thinking of the ablest of all American logicians. Although he is fully entitled to this high evaluation, these logical essays have been overlooked, at least in their entirety, by many critics and expositors of his philosophy. Doubtless this is explicable by the fact that several of them were contributed to encyclopedias whose readers seldom even notice the name of the author of an article.

The editor had the good fortune to be a member of the last class in Advanced Logic which Professor Royce taught at Harvard University. Royce offered this course in the Spring Semester, 1916, and he died September fourteenth, near the end of his sixty-first year. The late Mr. Ralph Monroe Eaton was also a member of that class, and he served as Graduate Assistant in the course. His two books, Symbolism and Truth, and General Logic, rank among the important contributions to logic made by any of Professor Royce's students. However, Eaton adopted a conceptualistic interpretation of logical entities and relations, under the influence of his neo-realistic teachers who were especially critical of Royce, whereas his distinguished teacher always insisted that logic is primarily concerned with interpreting objective types of order which he thought possess a cosmic and metaphysical significance. Consequently, in both of his books on logic, Eaton refers to Royce only once, and that reference is to the self- representative system explained in the well known Supplementary Essay to The World and the Individual!

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