They Have the Power--We Have the People: the Status of Equal Employment Opportunity in Houston, Texas, 1970: An Equal Employment Opportunity Commission Report

They Have the Power--We Have the People: the Status of Equal Employment Opportunity in Houston, Texas, 1970: An Equal Employment Opportunity Commission Report

They Have the Power--We Have the People: the Status of Equal Employment Opportunity in Houston, Texas, 1970: An Equal Employment Opportunity Commission Report

They Have the Power--We Have the People: the Status of Equal Employment Opportunity in Houston, Texas, 1970: An Equal Employment Opportunity Commission Report

Excerpt

Oliver Wendell Holmes once observed that "It is better to elucidate the obvious than to investigate the obscure". It is recognized that throughout the nation the employment patterns of racial and ethnic minorities as well as those of women in general are less than fair. The fact that the employment situation of these groups in Houston is among the worst in the Nation led the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) to hold public hearings concerning the causes of unequal opportunity in Houston.

The significance of the inquiry in Houston rests upon two pillars. First, the achievement of equal employment opportunity in one of the country's major cities (and the largest in the South) is essential to the attainment of the overall national goal. Secondly, the Houston economy has sustained rapid economic growth during the decade of the 1960's which affords a unique chance to examine the impact of a tight labor market upon minority and female job patterns.

With respect to the general goals, it is a fact of contemporary life that we live in a job-oriented society. Daniel P. Moynihan has observed that in the United States "what you do is what you are". Employment is the principal determinant of both individual and group identity. The job is the source of income that affords a person the qualitative options of life:

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