Controlling Immigration: A Global Perspective

Controlling Immigration: A Global Perspective

Controlling Immigration: A Global Perspective

Controlling Immigration: A Global Perspective


This text is a systematic, comparative, multidisciplinary study of immigration policy and policy outcomes in nine industrialized democracies: the United States, Canada, Great Britain, France, Germany, Belgium, Italy, Spain, and Japan. It has two central theses. The first, the convergence hypothesis, is that there is a growing similarity in immigration policy, results, and public reaction within these nine countries. The second thesis, the gap hypothesis, argues that the gap between the goals of immigration policy and its outcomes is wide and growing wider. Beyond testing these hypotheses against new evidence, the book seeks to explain the declining effectiveness of immigration control measures in todays labour-importing democracies. In each of the country profiles, the author explains why certain measures were chosen, and why they usually failed to achieve their stated objectives.


This book reports the work of an interdisciplinary research team of immigration specialists, based in the Center for U.S.-Mexican Studies at the University of California, San Diego from 1990 through 1993. The members of this highly interactive research group met weekly during the period of January-March 1993 and on many subsequent occasions. The principal researchers included Wayne A. Cornelius (political scientist, University of California, San Diego; principal investigator for the project), Kitty Calavita (sociologist, University of California, Irvine), Manuel García y Griego (demographer and political scientist, University of California, Irvine), James E Hollifield (political scientist, Auburn University), Philip L. Martin (economist, University of California, Davis), and Marcelo Suárez-Orozco (anthropologist, University of California, San Diego).

Kitty Calavita merits special recognition for encouraging us to pursue such a wide-ranging and ambitious, fieldwork-based project. Several graduate students at the University of California, San Diego and the University of California, Berkeley made valuable contributions to the project, especially Cynthia R. Hibbs, Takeyuki Tsuda, Jeffrey Weldon, and Scott Morgenstern.

Our work has benefited greatly from the comments of numerous discussants who participated in an international research workshop held at the Center for US.-Mexican Studies in March 1993, during which first drafts of the principal papers included in this book were presented and critiqued. Fifteen of the commentaries presented at the 1993 workshop have been included in this volume, thus giving the reader a sense of the diversity of scholarly interpretations on the subject of immigration control and providing grist for ongoing academic and policy debates in the field.

The research for this book included hundreds of personal interviews with government officials, academic experts, representatives of nongovernmental social service organizations, business and labor . . .

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