Moshava, Kibbutz, and Moshav: Patterns of Jewish Rural Settlement and Development in Palestine

Moshava, Kibbutz, and Moshav: Patterns of Jewish Rural Settlement and Development in Palestine

Moshava, Kibbutz, and Moshav: Patterns of Jewish Rural Settlement and Development in Palestine

Moshava, Kibbutz, and Moshav: Patterns of Jewish Rural Settlement and Development in Palestine

Excerpt

This study examines the major forms of Jewish agricultural settlement that emerged in Palestine under Turkish and British rule, and analyzes the main social factors related to their creation and development.

Our examination of patterns and processes of colonization focuses on three basic types of rural community: the moshava, the colony of privately owned and individually operated farms; the kibbutz, the collective settlement (more precisely, one of its several varieties); and the moshav, the smallholders' cooperative village. The study draws primarily on contemporary documents, but it has not been our purpose to trace and describe the historical process as a whole. The point of departure was rather analytical-comparative: we have concentrated mainly on a set of specific social problems that we believed to be of general significance.

The main themes can be summarized as follows:

1. The character and the significance of the original colonizing impetuses or drives that produced the different settlement patterns. The way in which the initial push to create a new rural form of life crystallized is approached in terms of the social properties of the founding fathers. That is, we examine: the composition, scope, cohesion, and internal organization of this group and its capabilities for sustained action; its position in the social structure and its command over different types of resources; and the intensity and nature of the group's commitment . . .

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