Memory Improved: Reading and Memory Enhancement across the Life Span through Strategic Text Structures

Memory Improved: Reading and Memory Enhancement across the Life Span through Strategic Text Structures

Memory Improved: Reading and Memory Enhancement across the Life Span through Strategic Text Structures

Memory Improved: Reading and Memory Enhancement across the Life Span through Strategic Text Structures

Synopsis

This unique text presents a systematic study of a proven method for increasing the memory and reading comprehension of older adults by using a program based on discourse processing. The program facilitates the encoding and retrieval of information through a reading strategy plan utilizing top-level structures in the text. The authors of this volume provide student and teacher training manuals for the program as well as a review of the literature, data tables and graphs; an extensive bibliography; and five 1 1/2 hour sessions to improve memory and reading comprehension.

Excerpt

The overall goal of the research presented in this book was to determine if instruction focusing on an effective prose learning strategy could improve the reading comprehension and memory of young and older adults. The reading strategy examined teaches readers to utilize the writing plans or top-level structures in texts to facilitate encoding and retrieval. We identified this strategy by examining what more than 1000 adults recalled in writing after they read short magazine articles. Successful readers at all ages appear to search out and follow the text's superordinate relational structure and focus on the text's message and how it relates to supporting major details. They approach text with knowledge about how texts are conventionally organized and with a strategy to seek and use the top-level structure in a particular text as an organizational framework to facilitate encoding and retrieval.

The training program taught learners to employ a deliberate strategy for remembering what they read. In reading, they were taught to choose the organizational plans used by writers to organize information. In remembering, they were taught to use the same organizational plan. A key phrase in the instructional program was to CHOOSE IT, USE IT OR LOSE IT. The strategy enables readers to discriminate main ideas versus trivia in terms of its importance to an author's message. It also enables readers to systematically search their memory for information stored from an article. This strategy was called the plan strategy by the participants in the study and will be referred to by this name throughout the book; prior research has indicated its effectiveness with children and young . . .

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.