## Synopsis

The chapter authors were asked to focus on their own approach to mathematical thinking, but also to address a common core of issues such as the nature of mathematical thinking, how it is similar to and different from other kinds of thinking, what makes some people or some groups better than others in this subject area, and how mathematical thinking can be assessed and taught. Their work is directed to a diverse audience -- psychologists interested in the nature of mathematical thinking and abilities, computer scientists who want to simulate mathematical thinking, educators involved in teaching and testing mathematical thinking, philosophers who need to understand the qualitative aspects of logical thinking, anthropologists and others interested in how and why mathematical thinking seems to differ in quality across cultures, and laypeople and others who have to think mathematically and want to understand how they are going to accomplish that feat.

## Excerpt

Why do some children seem to learn mathematics easily and others slave away at it, learning it only with great effort and apparent pain? Why do some of the shining lights of elementary school, high school, and even college mathematics dazzle people at one stage of mathematics learning and performance, and then fizzle out ignominiously at the next stage? Why are some people good at algebra but terrible at geometry, or vice versa? How can people who successfully run a business have failed math earlier, and conversely, how come some professional mathematicians can balance a checkbook only with difficulty? Why do school children in the United States perform so dismally on international comparisons?

These are the kinds of real and important questions we set out to answer, or at least address, when we decided to edit this book on mathematical thinking. Our goal was to seek a diversity of contributors representing multiple points of view whose expertise might converge on the answers to these and other pressing and, we believe, interesting questions regarding mathematical thinking.

This book is addressed to a varied audience: psychologists interested in the nature of mathematical thinking and mathematical abilities, computer scientists interested in simulating mathematical thinking, educators interested in how to teach and test mathematical thinking, philosophers who want to understand the quantitative aspects of logical thinking, anthropologists and others interested in how and why mathematical thinking seems to differ in quality across cultures, and laypeople and anyone else who has to think mathematically and who wants to understand how he or she is going about it. Authors were asked to write chapters that would be readable to this diverse group of potential readers, and we believe that, for the most part, they have succeeded.

Authors were asked to focus on their own approach to mathematical thinking, but also to address a common core of issues, such as the nature of mathematical . . .