The Farmer in the Second World War

The Farmer in the Second World War

The Farmer in the Second World War

The Farmer in the Second World War

Excerpt

This study is an attempt to record the more significant information relating to farmers and agriculture during the second World War. Of necessity, government actions played a large part in the economic forces affecting farmers during the war. For this reason, records and interpretations of government actions and farmers' response to these programs form a large part of the historical record. At times it was necessary to go into both the political and economic factors leading to specific actions to fully understand their significance.

A different interpretation of some events may follow more detailed analysis of special problems encountered during the war period. More data with respect to certain phases of the war programs may become available in the future. A large volume of information already exists on all aspects of agriculture during the war. Although much of it is in mimeographed form and may become lost in the future, the student is not faced with any scarcity of materials at the present time.

The ideas, information and analyses in the following pages have been drawn from a wide acquaintance of individuals actually engaged in various activities relating to agriculture during the war as well as from documentary sources. Congressional committee hearings, statistical reports, and other government memoranda have been the more important source materials used. Both the daily and the agricultural press have furnished important supplementary information. Personal interviews with government officials and official correspondence have added insight and understanding in a number of instances.

First-hand experience has contributed to understanding and interpreting conditions. While the author spent most of the war years at a Land Grant College, he was a member of the War Food Administration during 1943 and participated in the management of a Corn Belt farm during the war period.

Throughout the study an effort was made to present the information and interpretations in such a way as to be most helpful in obtaining a fuller understanding of farmers' economic problems in the immediate future. Members of the War Records Project were especially helpful in locating information not readily available and in . . .

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