Canada Moves North

Canada Moves North

Canada Moves North

Canada Moves North

Excerpt

THE FIRST EXPLORER of the region now known as the Northwest Territories was Martin Frobisher. He made three voyages to Baffin Island, 1576-78, which began as a search for a Northwest Passage to the Orient and wound up as an abortive search for gold. From that time until the middle of the nineteenth century there was a succession of voyages by various English explorers, all of them trying to sail or to find a way of sailing to Asia via the Arctic.

Frobisher's activities were centered in Frobisher Bay at the southeastern corner of Baffin Island. In 1585-87 John Davis visited Greenland and penetrated to Baffin Bay, the southern entrance to which was named after him; in the summer of 1611 Henry Hudson died by treachery in the bay he had discovered the previous year; then five years later William Baffin visited Hudson Bay, afterwards swinging northward into Baffin Bay as far as Smith Sound. Baffin saw Jones Sound and Lancaster Sound but passed them by without having any inkling that either would lead to the Pacific. Then, between 1619 and 1762 eight expeditions sailed into Hudson Bay, and gradually the . . .

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