The Roman Middle Class in the Republican Period

The Roman Middle Class in the Republican Period

The Roman Middle Class in the Republican Period

The Roman Middle Class in the Republican Period

Excerpt

The title Middle Class is here applied to the equestrian order, which is described by the Elder Pliny (XXXIII, 34) as a tertium corpus which inserted itself between the senatorial class and the mass of the Roman people. I have also used to allude to this class the Latin word Equites. This usage should be distinguished from that of equites (in italics), which means 'cavalry'. I have avoided the term 'knights', commonly used in this connection, because it seems to me inappropriate.

The subject is so large and the ancient authorities so often inadequate and even contradictory that it is inevitable that there should be many points on which it is possible to disagree. I have tried always to give full weight to the ancient evidence and, where more than one possible explanation of a difficulty exists, to give references to expositions of the theories I have rejected.

I should like to express my gratitude to the Press Board of the University of Wales and to the University of Sheffield for generous help towards the cost of publishing this book. Thanks are due also to Professor B. Farrington, who read through the manuscript and enabled me to remove obscurities, and to my wife for help with the proofs.

H. HILL

UNIVERSITY COLLEGE, SWANSEA July, 1952 . . .

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