University Prints. Series G. M. Modern Architecture

University Prints. Series G. M. Modern Architecture

University Prints. Series G. M. Modern Architecture

University Prints. Series G. M. Modern Architecture

Excerpt

The title of this series, by a loose usage of the term modern, includes all architecture since the close of the Baroque period at the end of the eighteenth century. A stricter usage would confine the term modern to expressions of the new cycle upon which the arts have entered. The formation of the grammar and conventions of the new cycle have engaged the energies of forward-looking artists of all kinds within recent generations.

In architecture the work of these men has already produced a recognizably new style to which the name Functional style may properly be given. Many reasons unite to make the term appropriate. Buildings are more specialized in function than ever before, and their architectural elements, as well as the materials of which they are built, are articulated according to function. Expression of function in design is general. Various functions determine types of building far more different from one another than the types of previous styles. There are conscious attempts to design buildings according to the characteristic possibilities of chosen materials. The scientific study, development, and use of materials according to function goes far beyond that of previous styles, and most of the materials are produced and put into place by machinery which is itself the result of specialized study of function. For these reasons, buildings constructed by up-to-date methods, and employing combinations of materials of recent development . . .

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