Public Welfare Administration

Public Welfare Administration

Public Welfare Administration

Public Welfare Administration


The expansion of governmental authority during the past decade has found its greatest emphasis in the social services. With this growth of public services has come a maze of legislation from the federal congress and the state legislatures.

New public welfare agencies have been established or old ones reorganized to administer these expanded services. As a result, public officials have been confronted with the task of assimilating these agencies into the structure of government.

Public welfare services were evolving on an experimental basis with no accepted pattern in the early decades of the twentieth century. The speed and pressure resulting from an effort to meet the unprecedented problems of the depression added further confusion to the public welfare field and to the complicated machine of the democratic state.

By a hand to mouth method of financing and through temporary organization, emergency relief services continued for nearly five years.

By 1935 there was a general acceptance of these services as a permanent responsibility of state and local government, but the federal government withdrew from direct relief with the launching of the new Social Security and Works Progress Administration programs. Consequently this new alignment called for much reorganization of public welfare functions on all three levels of government.

In many states men and women were recruited for these services with little thought of their experience in public . . .

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