Eisenhower and Israel: U.S.-Israeli Relations, 1953-1960

Eisenhower and Israel: U.S.-Israeli Relations, 1953-1960

Eisenhower and Israel: U.S.-Israeli Relations, 1953-1960

Eisenhower and Israel: U.S.-Israeli Relations, 1953-1960

Synopsis

In this examination of U. S.-Israeli relations during a crucial stage of their evolution, Alteras breathes life into the political figures whose motivations and decisions helped shape the two countries' attitudes toward each other today.

Excerpt

In August 1990 Iraq invaded and conquered its small, oil-rich neighbor, Kuwait. That act of unprovoked aggression set off a military and diplomatic crisis in the region and the world. The leader of Iraq, Saddam Hussein, vowed that he would never relinquish his conquest, declared Kuwait to be Iraq's nineteenth province, and all but dared the West to interfere with his "correction" of his nation's historic boundaries. President George W. Bush condemned Iraq's action and told the world that its aggression would not stand. He called upon Hussein for an immediate withdrawal from Kuwait, but he did not stop with words and warnings. Because he had little confidence in Hussein, whom he likened to Hitler, Bush set in motion a carefully calibrated campaign of diplomatic and military initiatives to achieve the liberation of Kuwait.

When Hussein threatened to widen his conquest by an attack on Saudi Arabia, the president dispatched hundreds of thousands of U.S. troops with their armor and equipment to defend the desert Arab kingdom. He also sent powerful naval and air units to support them. Simultaneously, he and his Secretary of State, James A. Baker III, in a brilliant and effective diplomatic campaign, succeeded in forming a coalition of twenty-eight countries. Coalition members contributed troops and financial assistance to the effort of dislodging Iraq from Kuwait. In addition to Britain and France, the most important partners were Arab countries--Saudi Arabia . . .

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