Neuroscience and Connectionist Theory

Neuroscience and Connectionist Theory

Neuroscience and Connectionist Theory

Neuroscience and Connectionist Theory

Synopsis

Written for cognitive scientists, psychologists, computer scientists, engineers, and neuroscientists, this book provides an accessible overview of how computational network models are being used to model neurobiological phenomena. Each chapter presents a representative example of how biological data and network models interact with the authors' research. The biological phenomena cover network- or circuit-level phenomena in humans and other higher-order vertebrates.

Excerpt

The last several years have witnessed a remarkable growth in interest in the study of brain-style computation. This effort has variously been characterized as the study of neural networks, connectionist architectures, parallel distributed processing systems, neuromorphic computation, artificial neural systems and other names as well. For purposes of the present series we have chosen the phrase connectionist theory. the common theme to all of these efforts has been an interest in looking at the brain as a model of a parallel computational device very different from that of a traditional serial computer. the strategy has been to develop simplified mathematical models of brain-like systems, and then to study these models to understand how various computation problems can be solved by such devices. the work has attracted scientists from a number of disciplines. It has attracted neuroscientists who are interested in making models of the neural circuitry found in specific areas of the brains of various animals, physicists who see analogies between the dynamical behavior of brain-like systems and the kinds of non-linear dynamical systems familiar in physics, computer engineers who are interested in fabricating brain-like computers, workers in artificial intelligence who are interested in building machines with the intelligence of biological organisms, psychologists who are interested in the mechanisms of human information processing, mathematicians who are interested in the mathematics of such brain-style systems, philosophers who are interested in how such systems change our view of the nature of mind and its relationship to brain, and many others. the wealth of talent and the breadth of interest have made the area a magnet for bright young students.

In the face of this exponential growth and multidisciplinary set of . . .

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