Economic Geography of the U.S.S.R

Economic Geography of the U.S.S.R

Economic Geography of the U.S.S.R

Economic Geography of the U.S.S.R

Excerpt

Economic Geography of the U.S.S.R. is the geography of the economy of a great socialist country. The fundamental object of economic geography is to study the distribution and spatial combination of the productive forces, i.e., of the main factors that are required for production--the means of production, as well as the men themselves with their production experience and skill.

The Great October Socialist Revolution of 1917 has abolished in Russia the power of capitalists and landlords and established the power of workers and peasants. In the U.S.S.R. the land, its mineral wealth, all mills and factories belong to the state, in contradistinction to the capitalist countries where these means of production are owned by the capitalists. The socialist state conducts its economy according to plan worked out in the interests of the whole people. In accordance with the national-economic plans, the socialist economy steadily grows and develops; at the same time the well-being of the popular masses continually improves.

The course of economic geography of the U.S.S.R. is aimed at acquainting the reader with economic construction in the U.S.S.R., with socialist reconstruction of the entire Soviet economy, as well as of its separate branches and of separate economic regions.

"Socialism is built by millions," said the great Lenin. In order to build it successfully, Soviet people must realize the purport and importance of this building, know and comprehend the plan, according to which it is being accomplished in all parts of the Soviet country.

This, in its turn, means to know the material of which the socialist economy is built, i.e., the natural conditions and natural resources of the country as a whole, and of each of its large regions taken separately;

to know the economy inherited by the Soviet country from tsarist Russia;

to know the course of construction, as well as its current tasks both in the country as a whole and in each large region taken separately . . .

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