Franz Joseph and Napoleon III, 1852-1864: A Study of Austro-French Relations

Franz Joseph and Napoleon III, 1852-1864: A Study of Austro-French Relations

Franz Joseph and Napoleon III, 1852-1864: A Study of Austro-French Relations

Franz Joseph and Napoleon III, 1852-1864: A Study of Austro-French Relations

Excerpt

While there are a number of excellent works dealing with various aspects of Austrian and French policies during the middle period of the nineteenth century, little has been done to set forth the relation of these policies to each other, which is the aim of the present study. Its treatment is diplomatic and no pretense is made to discuss economic, psychological or social factors. During the years 1852 to 1864, in both Austria and France, diplomacy was controlled from the top. Public opinion had not yet attained the place it was to occupy after the Franco-Prussian War. It is true that in both countries, and especially in France, there existed certain groups whose attitude could not be ignored. But although exerting an influence on foreign policy, neither these groups nor the public in general had any real control over it. The formulation of policy and its execution was the work of the rulers and their ministers.

The author wishes to express his gratitude to the officials of the Archives des Affaires Érangères in Paris and the Haus-, Hof-, und Staatsarchiv in Vienna, especially to the late Dr. Lothar Gros, for their unfailing courtesy and cooperation; and to Professor Lynn Case of the University of Pennsylvania and Professors Gaudens Megaro, and Martin A. Weinbaurn of Queens College for their many valuable suggestions. He also wishes to thank the following publishers or proprietors of copyright for permission to quote from copyrighted books: Ernest Benn Limited for Conversations with Napoleon III; edited bySir Victor Wellesley andRobert Sencourt; Longmans Green & Company, Ltd., for Later Correspondence of Lord John Russell, edited byG. P. Gooch; University of California Press for England and the Straits Question, 1844-1856 byV. J. Puryear; and Mrs. Gertrude Redlich for Emperor Francis foseph of Austria byJoseph Redlich .

CHARLES W. HALLBERG Queens College May 1954 . . .

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