Cultures in Conflict: The Four Faces of Indian Bureaucracy

Cultures in Conflict: The Four Faces of Indian Bureaucracy

Cultures in Conflict: The Four Faces of Indian Bureaucracy

Cultures in Conflict: The Four Faces of Indian Bureaucracy

Excerpt

This book discusses bureaucracy and bureaucratic behavior in a setting characterized by conflicting and changing cultural patterns. Indian bureaucrats, many of whom were raised in traditional Hindu environments, are studied as they carry out their duties in formal bureaucratic structures that are strongly reminiscent of the pre-Independence British administration. Rules, regulations, procedures, control mechanisms, and basic management practices have remained essentially unchanged over the past twenty-five years. Other features of bureaucratic life, however, have been substantially modified by two reform movements. One, led by Mahatma Gandhi, is indigenous to India. The other, espoused by numerous western development specialists with experience in Indian rural development, is foreign. Both the Gandhian ideology and the ideology of "community development" have had substantial impact on the bureaucracy's goals, its training programs, the creation and organizational structure of new agencies, and the patterns of relationships bureaucrats maintain with citizens and politicians.

The past three decades have produced a wide range of fruitful insights on bureaucratic behavior patterns and their consequences for both institutions and individuals in culturally homogeneous settings. This book builds on these insights by examining behavior patterns in a situation where conflicting cultural attitudes, values, and institutional traditions are added to the now-classic patterns of conflict that have been studied in western bureaucracy.

I shall explore five matters of practical and theoretical importance in the course of my analysis: The characteristics of four cultural traditions that have a bearing on contemporary patterns of bureaucratic behavior in India; the points of conflict between these various traditions; the conse-

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.