The Canadian Bureaucracy: A Study of Canadian Civil Servants and Other Public Employees, 1939-1947

The Canadian Bureaucracy: A Study of Canadian Civil Servants and Other Public Employees, 1939-1947

The Canadian Bureaucracy: A Study of Canadian Civil Servants and Other Public Employees, 1939-1947

The Canadian Bureaucracy: A Study of Canadian Civil Servants and Other Public Employees, 1939-1947

Excerpt

This work was originally planned and begun prior to Pearl Harbor as a study of the wartime impacts upon the Canadian bureaucracy. The actual field research could not be undertaken until 1946-1947, and the scope and coverage of the project was accordingly extended to include the period of postwar demobilization and reconversion. Although the manuscript was completed and has been in press since early 1948, an effort has been made to include certain of the major changes involving Canadian public personnel during 1948.

The lack of secondary sources, such as studies of administrative developments in the individual provinces and of administrative departments in Ottawa, has been a limiting factor. In addition, there have been no adequate sociological examinations of such matters as the social and educational background of Canadian civil servants, the role of religion in the Canadian public service, or morale and prestige factors. Fortunately, the historical development of the Dominion bureaucracy and many of its problems have been covered in the able studies of Professor R. MacGregor Dawson, beginning with his The Civil Service of Canada in 1929. These considerations will help explain the heavy emphasis placed upon field research in the preparation of this book and will, at the same time, furnish some added justification for its restricted scope.

Two explanations should be made. The term "bureaucracy," as included in the title of this book, is not used with invidious connotations but rather in the sense, and for the reasons, indicated in Chapter I. The references throughout to the Canadian House of Commons Debates for the years 1947- 1948 are to the daily uncorrected editions.

For assistance in this undertaking, my primary indebtedness is to the Guggenheim Foundation for two generous awards . . .

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