The Desert People: A Study of the Papago Indians

The Desert People: A Study of the Papago Indians

The Desert People: A Study of the Papago Indians

The Desert People: A Study of the Papago Indians

Excerpt

This book was written as part of the Indian Education Research Project undertaken jointly by the Committee on Human Development of the University of Chicago and the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs.

The immediate objectives of this project were to investigate, analyze, and compare the development of personality in five American Indian tribes in the context of the total environment setting--social, cultural, geographical, and historical--for implications in regard to Indian administration. The ultimate aim of the long-range plan of research, of which this project is the first step, is to attempt a systematic evaluation of the whole Indian administrative program with special reference to the effect of the new Indian Service policy on the Indians as individuals, to indicate the direction toward which these policies are leading, and to suggest how the effectiveness of Indian administration may be increased.

This research has been carried on since 1941 through the co-operative efforts of a large staff drawn from several disciplines--chiefly anthropology, sociology, psychology, psychiatry, medicine, human geography, linguistics, education, and public administration.

The field program was to investigate the development of the personalities of about a thousand children six to eighteen years old, selected so as to represent one or more communities in each of the following tribes: Hopi, Navaho, Papago, Sioux, and Zuni. In tribes such as the Papago and the Sioux, where background data were relatively few, an anthropological study was also included in field work.

The results of the project are being reported in monographs on the several tribes and in shorter reports on special phases of the research in all communities. Tribal monographs already published are: The Hopi Way, byLaura Thompson andAlice Joseph (University of Chicago Press, 1944); Warriors without Weapons: A Study of the Pine Ridge Sioux, byGordon Macgregor (University of Chicago Press, 1945); The Navaho and Children of the People (2 vols.), byDorothea C. Leighton andClyde Kluckhohn (Harvard University Press, 1947). A study of the Zuni tribe is in preparation. Reports on special phases of the work are listed in the Appendix, and others are being prepared.

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