European Population Transfers, 1939-1945

European Population Transfers, 1939-1945

European Population Transfers, 1939-1945

European Population Transfers, 1939-1945

Excerpt

The primary purpose of this book is to give as complete a picture as possible of all aspects of population transfers in Europe during World War II. In so far as the author has been able to determine, there exists no study of this period comparable to the exhaustive works by Séfériades, Ladas, Wurfbain, Rodoconachi, and Streit, and to the League of Nations reports on the prewar transfers that served as precedents for those conducted during the war years.

The scope and character of the study have been largely determined by the fact that it is a pioneer in its field. Every effort has been made to present a full factual report of the transfer operations that occurred between 1939 and 1945. To establish these facts and their chronology and interdependence, as well as their political and economic background, necessitated the use of original material scattered through thousands of newspapers, periodicals and books. The picture is admittedly incomplete. Lack of data or the unreliability of available material are responsible for most of the gaps.

By far the greatest part of the information has been gleaned from newspaper reports, and the appropriate use of such sources is conceded to be exceptionally difficult. Furthermore, most of this material is of German origin. Inasmuch as the majority of the transfers effected during the war years were concerned with the removal of German minorities, in line with the program inaugurated by Hitler's Reichstag speech of 6 October 1939, it is inevitable that there should be a predominance of German data. This same predominance exists, however, in the data on transfers other than the German, and the dearth of non-German . . .

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