Memory Development: Universal Changes and Individual Differences

Memory Development: Universal Changes and Individual Differences

Memory Development: Universal Changes and Individual Differences

Memory Development: Universal Changes and Individual Differences

Synopsis

This volume, a collection of papers resulting from a conference sponsored by the Max Planck Society, presents an overview of past research on memory development, possible applications of this research, and new ideas for future areas of study. The role of cognitive components in the development of memory performance and the social and motivational contexts of memory development are described. Includes various theoretical approaches explaining memory development across the life span.

Memory Development: Universal Changes and Individual Differences is of interest to researchers, undergraduates and graduate students in developmental psychology, educational psychology and technology, and experimental psychology.

Excerpt

As several books on the development of memory have been published during the last few years, one may ask why it is necessary to present just another volume on this topic. in our view, there are at least three different reasons justifying our decision to publish this book. First, we consider it practical to jointly present different methodological and theoretical approaches in a single book. Second, we think it useful to not only emphasize the merits of current research but also identify its specific shortcomings, and deficiencies. Critical evaluations of this sort can be found in several chapters of this book. Finally, we think it particularly necessary to treat a topic that has been typically neglected in the field. That is, we believe that more emphasis should be given to the analysis of universal changes and individual differences in memory development. in this book, we try to describe important recent research trends and to evaluate their major outcomes, thus providing a picture of the state-of-the-art that may stimulate and regulate future research.

Undoubtedly, there are still many problems to solve in the field of memory development. As memory is of central significance for human development, it is particularly important to find valid scientific answers to open questions. Memory is a prerequisite for the development of thinking, and is in turn affected by advances in intelligent information processing. the development of memory is not only the result of universal changes in cognitive competencies but also depends on cultural, social, and personal experiences. Conversely, memory development can be seen as a necessary prerequisite for the emergence of collective knowledge and the acquisition of shared meanings within a cultural group. Although studies into the development of memory predominantly represent basic research, there are various possibilities to apply their results. What is needed . . .

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