This volume contains important postwar public documents in public administration including legislative acts, executive commission reports, executive orders, and statements by public figures and thereby serves as a continuation of Frederick C. Mosher's Basic Documents of American Public Administration, 1776-1950 (New York: Holmes & Meier, 1976). Like the Mosher volume, this text is designed to have several purposes: First, it provides in a single volume many of the critical documents that have shaped American postwar administrative processes and institutions. Many of these documents cannot be found in a public library. Some have never been published in a collection before. Second, this volume not only permits readers to examine the text of the documents but offers explanatory information regarding their origins, impact, and significance to public administration. In other words, each document is placed within the overall historical development of the field. Third, the book can serve as either a reference for scholars and general readers or as a supplementary textbook to enrich the standard fare of classroom readings in public administration, public affairs, or government courses. Finally, it is the editor's belief that a firsthand appreciation of the major postwar public documents will give both undergraduate and graduate students of the field a far broader, more comprehensive, and realistic picture of American administration as well as deeper awareness of the institutional complexity, historical trends, and value problems confronting the field today.
Whereas Professor Mosher Basic Documents was organized in a chronological fashion -- sequentially according to the dates of their enactment or publicationreaders should note that the postwar documents in this volume have been arranged thematically -- on the basis of four basic categories: those that outline important patterns of organization and management for postwar public sector enterprises (Part 1); those that deal primarily with personnel systems and practices (Part II); those that pertain to budgeting and financial issues (Part III); and those that are concerned mainly with administrative accountability (Part IV). Readers should note that in two cases, both taken from the First Hoover Report of 1949, 1949 documents appear. The overlap, which is not significant, is due to a few critical post1950 "themes" beginning one year before 1950, and this text uses 1950 as the starting benchmark date (to be consistent with Mosher's volume).