Race Relations and American Law

Race Relations and American Law

Race Relations and American Law

Race Relations and American Law

Excerpt

The basic law dealing with race relations in the United States is fairly well settled, and most of the factors bearing on social responsiveness to legal requirements can now be identified. While almost daily new statutes are passed and new cases are decided, few of these present unique problems. Of course, the meaning of "deliberate speed" has hardly been established with exactitude; legal dispute will probably also continue over, for example, the Civil Rights Act of 1957, electoral apportionment, new segregation tactics in interstate travel, affirmative integration by quotas, miscegenation, discrimination in the military reserves, FHA and Title I federally aided housing, and so forth. These sectors of indecision can be multiplied, but in all situations we can identify the relevant, fundamental principles and often make informed predictions. Therefore, while these pages were of necessity closed to new developments some months before publication, I believe that I have described and discussed race relations and American law essentially as they exist today and in a manner that will remain useful in the future. The addition of new material was terminated in April, 1959, although the more important occurrences reported by July, 1959, have been worked into the text or notes, and the most recent significant legislation is set forth in Appendix E.

I owe a great deal to the many who helped me in this work. First, my labors were greatly lightened by a grant from the Fund for the Republic, which was administered by the Columbia University Council for Research in the Social Sciences. My good friend Jack B. Weinstein, who generously agreed to supervise the administration of this grant for the Council, cooperated also by reading the entire manuscript and by making available the results of various questionnaires which he . . .

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