How Secure These Rights? Anti-Semitism in the United States in 1948: an Anti-Defamation League Survey

How Secure These Rights? Anti-Semitism in the United States in 1948: an Anti-Defamation League Survey

How Secure These Rights? Anti-Semitism in the United States in 1948: an Anti-Defamation League Survey

How Secure These Rights? Anti-Semitism in the United States in 1948: an Anti-Defamation League Survey

Excerpt

For the American people the year 1948, as this book emphasizes, marked a return to the unfinished business of expanding their democracy. An era had ended in which democracy was on the defensive. A war had been fought and won. Had it been lost, it would surely have meant the end of democratic life in the world.

But the war was only the last phase of a struggle which has kept democracy on the defensive for more than two decades. The first attack was the forging of anti-Semitism and organized hatred of man for man into a political weapon to be used with cold-blooded expediency to satisfy a lust for power. Hitler captured half a continent with that weapon and undermined the foundations of democratic life in many another land.

In this period of reconstruction we can once more aspire toward the greater expansion of the democratic ideal. We can once more return to our unfinished business.

Which brings us to this book, this measuring rod of democracy's defects. The growth of democracy is retarded by many ills; they need to be cured. But, if we are to serve honestly the cause of better human relations, the first step in the process is to probe those ills that exist, for it is only by a thorough understanding of the nature and extent of our social defects that we can possibly resolve them. There can be no proper therapy without diagnosis. And if the social scientist suffers the lack of calipers with which to measure precisely the elements of this problem, neither is he without methods of measurement.

In these pages are set down the facts and figures which have been probed, filtered, and evaluated by skilled researchers. This book was not a simple accomplishment. It was a full year in the making. It represents a co-operative effort of all the resources of the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith. It is, I am proud to believe, the most authoritative survey of its kind.

No effort was made in this study to cover the entire field of prejudice. Four major areas of anti-Semitic manifestations and their relations to . . .

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